Update on Beauty for Ashes Fund

Dear Friend:                                                                                                              November 2015

One year ago we stepped out in faith to launch The Beauty for Ashes Fund at PLNU, and with it came groundswell support, national media attention and growing awareness of human trafficking. As one of the first donors, you are a critical part of this effort. Thank you for your generosity!

A scholarship for survivors of human trafficking, The Beauty for Ashes Fund is the first of its kind, and PLNU is forging new territory to offer hope and an education for survivors. We are so thrilled to announce the acceptance of our first recipient to the University! She plans to begin next semester, and it is because of you that this moment is even possible. Our multi-disciplinary team will welcome each student and offer the support needed to succeed, while protecting privacy. We are committed to our students’ choice about whether they share their stories publicly.

Over the past year we have been working with several survivors, guiding them through the process of application. From sex trafficking victims to survivors of labor trafficking, each person brings a dream with them to the process. One wants to pursue a law degree to defend the helpless, one to pursue a career in nursing, another to be a minister.

There is a common theme – resilience. Refusing to let their pasts define their futures, they are building their dreams from the ground up. They are already leaders, some of them advocating on the front lines as influential local and national advocates for other victims. The tenacity in applicants gives us hope, too.

This next season is about building The Beauty for Ashes Fund for the future. We are closing in on $100,000 given to the Fund. While this is an incredible testimony to the generosity of our early donors, to sustain the Fund long term it must grow.

As human trafficking continues to dominate the headlines, PLNU’s Center for Justice & Reconciliation is in the middle of the work, providing leadership in research and community organizing, as well as stewarding the growth of The Beauty for Ashes Fund

We want to thank you for standing with us in the early days. We are asking you to consider partnering with us again to help grow the Fund. Your one-time or repeating gift can be made online at http://pointloma.edu/beautyforashes or with the enclosed donation envelope.

If you’d like to talk to us about how to get more involved in the work, please reach out. Thank you for being a part of making this dream a reality.

James F Gates 1




Jamie Gates, M.Div., Ph.D.

Director, Center for Justice & Reconciliation

Churches Against Trafficking

Find out what’s happening in local churches and how your church can engage in the work against modern day slavery by getting involved in Churches Against Trafficking. See their website here.

Executive Summary of the Human Trafficking Study

Read the new Updated Executive Summary here

Read the Full Technical Report here

See the PowerPoint presentation here

Screen Shot 2015-10-26 at 2.45.06 PM

The groundbreaking study, “Measuring the Nature and Extent of Gang Involvement in Sex Trafficking in San Diego”[1] focused narrowly on one of the most understudied aspects of human trafficking in the United States: the relationship of street gangs as facilitators of sex trafficking. Researchers gathered and analyzed data from hundreds of current and former gang affiliated individuals, schools, law enforcement agencies, and victim service providers. In all, data was collected from 1205 individuals, making it one of the largest, most comprehensive human trafficking case studies in the United States to date: 156 gang affiliated persons and/or traffickers, 702 first-time prostitution offenders, 189 survivors from eight victim services programs, and 140 County School administrators and staff. The study is a large-scale model of collaborative research to impact policy and practice, and serves as a national model for future research on human trafficking more broadly. Click HERE for the full Executive Summary.


  • Sex trafficking is San Diego’s 2nd largest underground economy after drug trafficking. The underground sex economy represents an estimated $810 million in annual revenue
  • Our methodology has produced San Diego County’s first credible estimate of sex trafficking victims/survivors per year: 3,417-8,108. It is estimated that law enforcement only arrests 15-20% of the persons committing trafficking offenses.
  • At least 110 gangs are involved in commercial exploitation of people (CSEP). 80% of pimps/sex trafficking facilitators interviewed were gang involved
  • Pimps/sex trafficking facilitators are not primarily African American. Our sample of traffickers in prison contained roughly an equal number of white, black and Hispanic facilitators
  • 16 years old is the average age of entry into child commercial sexual exploitation (CSEC)
  • Sex trafficking facilitators control 4.5 victim/survivors on average
  • 42% of first-time prostitution arrests are in fact cases involving sex trafficking
  • Domestic trafficking accounts for the majority of CSEP
  • Transborder criminal networks are involved in trafficking minors and adults between Mexico and the United States. 20% of trafficking victims referred to service providers come from Mexico and 10 other countries
  • Female recruiters and pimp/sex trafficking facilitators are perceived to be a significant and growing feature of the underground sex economy
  • Significant CSEC recruitment is happening on high school and middle school campuses

[1] Hereafter “Gang Sex Trafficking in San Diego” .

New Study Reveals Complex and Widespread Sex-Trafficking Ocurring Throughout San Diego County

Read the Executive Summary here

SAN DIEGO, CA – The surprising findings of a three-year study on gang-involved sex trafficking, funded by the Department of Justice, will be released 11 a.m., Monday, October 26 at a press conference at the University of San Diego in the Institute for Peace & Justice Theatre. The groundbreaking study, “Measuring the Nature and Extent of Gang Involvement in Sex Trafficking in San Diego,” lead by University of San Diego Kroc School of Peace Studies Professor Ami C. Carpenter, PhD, in collaboration with Point Loma Nazarene University Professor Jamie Gates, PhD, gathered and analyzed data from hundreds of current and former gang members, schools, law enforcement agencies, and victim service providers. Sheriff Bill Gore, County Supervisor Dianne Jacob, Generate Hope Founder Susan Munsey, Deputy District Attorney Summer Stephen, and Ann Thomas, representing U.S. Senator Dianne Feinstein, will also participate in the press conference.

“This study is the first long-term, comprehensive collection of data on the Commercially Sexually Exploited People (CSEP) industry ever conducted in San Diego County,” said Carpenter. “Our research combines the intelligence we gathered through hundreds of interviews with gang members, law enforcement representatives, school administrators and other community members with critical information we collected by reviewing incident, arrest and contact data provided by law enforcement agencies. The result is a report that accurately measures the various facets of San Diego’s growing human trafficking problem.”

Dr. Carpenter and Dr. Gates designed the study in collaboration with survivor service providers, law enforcement, prosecutors, County schools, and other researchers. “The inter-agency collaborative nature of Dr. Carpenter and Dr. Gates’ work will be invaluable to San Diego’s law enforcement community,” said San Diego County Sheriff Bill Gore.

According to the study, in San Diego County, the underground sex economy represents an estimated $810 million in annual revenue and involves more than 100 area gangs. The study estimates the minimum number of CSEP at 1,766 per year with an average age of entry between 14 to 15 years old.

Other key findings include:

  • Number of “prostitution” arrests which are actually cases of sex-trafficking;
  • Proportion of CSEP victims who are U.S. citizens versus those trafficked from other countries;
  • Cities & neighborhoods most at risk for commercial sexual exploitation
  • The number of gangs in San Diego involved in sex-trafficking, and their characteristics;
  • Demographics of traffickers and trafficked individuals (age, ethnicity, etc.);
  • Key “hotspots” where sex-trafficking occurs;
  • Recruitment tactics; and
  • Recruitment activity within local public schools.

Looking forward, the study highlights future trends, which include the need for cross-sector approaches to community problems and sustainable capital for nonprofits. In addition, the study provides victim service providers with the data needed to justify substantial improvements in the size and scope of support services.

This project was supported by Award No. 2012-R2-CX-0028, awarded by the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this study are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the Department of Justice. In addition, members of the San Diego County Human Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children Advisory Council supported the study.

About the University of San Diego

The University of San Diego is a Catholic institution of higher learning committed to teaching, the liberal arts, the formation of values and the creation of ethical leaders. Chartered in 1949, the school enrolls approximately 8,300 undergraduate and graduate full-time equivalent students. The University of San Diego has a long history of public service and is recognized as a Changemaker Campus by Ashoka, the global association of the world’s leading social entrepreneurs. The university’s eight academic divisions include the College of Arts and Sciences, The School of Business Administration, The Shiley-Marcos School of Engineering, The School of Law, The School of Leadership and Education Sciences, the Hahn School of Nursing and Health Sciences, The Joan B. Kroc School of Peace Studies, and the Division of Professional and Continuing Education. For more information, visit: www.sandiego.edu.

About Point Loma Nazarene University

Point Loma Nazarene University is a selective Christian liberal arts institution located in San Diego, California. Founded in 1902, PLNU is known not only for its 90-acre campus overlooking the Pacific Ocean but also for its well-rounded, forward-thinking graduates. In addition to more than 60 undergraduate areas of study, PLNU offers graduate programs and adult degree options at regional centers throughout Southern California. PLNU serves more than 3,500 students. For more information, visit: www.pointloma.edu


San Diego Board of Supervisors Approves Report of the Human Trafficking Task Force

On Tuesday, October 21 the San Diego County Board of Supervisors approved a report on the multifaceted aspects of human trafficking in San Diego. According to the District Attorney’s office, San Diego is the 13th highest child prostitution areas in the country. They are quoting Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) data.Screen Shot 2014-10-24 at 3.38.10 PM

This effort started with the formation of an advisory council that reported today on their finding. Members of this council came from multiple areas of law enforcement, the private sector and academia. Jenee Littrell, an expert in the subject, and an educator, led them. This initial advisory board was established June 14, 2011.

According to one of the members of the team, “this has been a labor of love with all the subcommittees coming together.” In the initial testimony to the board human trafficking was spoken as “this incredible human rights violation of women, children and men being prevented from pursuing the dream that the constitution gave us.”

PLNU’s Center for Justice and Reconciliation faculty, staff and students have been at the heart of these developments.  CJR Director Dr. Jamie Gates serves as the co-chair of the Research sub-committee and thus on the Executive committee; Dr. Gates co-presented this report to the Board of Supervisors.  President Brower hosted the pivotal San Diego Human Trafficking Summit back on January 24 of this year where 250 of those most directly involved in combating trafficking came together to map out where San Diego’s resources to do so currently stood, and what the next steps should be for our region.  PLNU students, staff, faculty and alumni volunteered for the Advisory Council and had a strong voice in the development of the recommendations.  PLNU is explicitly mentioned in the recommendations for the coordinating role is has taken to develop the HT-RADAR (human trafficking Research and Data Advisory Roundtable), a network of a couple dozen human trafficking researchers based in universities, non-profits, county social services, school districts and law enforcement.  PLNU has been a part of nurturing a deeply collaborative spirit across communication lines that are sometimes difficult to bridge, witnessing to the power reconciliation to which we are all called.

PLNU Political Science professor Dr. Lindsey Lupo attended the council meeting and had this to say:
“I am so grateful for the dedicated work of the San Diego human trafficking advisory council (including my friend and colleague Dr. Jamie Gates), as they have made San Diego a leader in the combating of modern day slavery. I was honored to be at the County of San Diego Board of Supervisors meeting today to hear their final report and I felt such a sense of hope…we can end child exploitation and sex/labor trafficking in our lifetime – let’s hope our public officials find the political will to do so. And another shout out to my university for being the first in the nation to offer a free college education to human trafficking victims!”

The presentation was covered in local news: http://reportingsandiego.com/2014/10/21/san-diego-county-to-form-a-human-trafficking-taskforce/.

The full report is available here: Human Trafficking Advisory and CSEC Council Report – Final Submission 10-21-14

What College Means to Me – Katherine Fleming

What does college mean to me? College is an opportunity to grow and be excited about finding a purpose for my life. Since starting college I have found that I love to study topics that interest me, like social change and what it looks like to be God’s hands and feet in my future career. College is a place where you can take your passion and make it a vocation. It is a hub for passionate people deciding that they will take what they love and make it their life.

Higher education demands an investment and it shows that the student has committed herself to being a better person through education. It shows future employers that the student is ready and willing to be a dedicated team player who has practiced knowledge in their field. It shows they are capable of flourishing under stress and blooming in adversity.The loyalty of a college student surpasses where they pay their tuition, but shines in where they are learning, growing, and investing in others.

To me, college means a home away from home where I am safe to pursue what I love and meet others who have the same goals. College is a community where you are invested in and where you can invest in others. I know I’m filled to pour out in others and see them grow as much as I have since beginning school. University has opened doors in places I would never have guessed. I have the opportunity to meet congressmen, senators and experts in their respective fields. In college, I see the rewards of great effort, sacrifice, and the importance of diligence in my work.Screen Shot 2014-09-09 at 6.06.45 PM

Katherine is a sophmore Social Work major at PLNU. She’s passionate about ending modern day slavery and is an intern on the Beauty for Ashes Team at PLNU’s Center for Justice & Reconciliation.


Just Saying! Freedom for the Captives through Spoken Word

Just Saying Spoken Word at PLNU

Get a copy of the flier here: Just Saying Spoken Word

We Have A Dream

By Autumn Burris
Autumn BurrisFounder/Director
Survivors for Solutions

We once had a dream and it was not to become a prostituted person.   We dreamed of becoming a writer, a doctor, a lawyer, a truck driver, an artist, a ballet dancer and so many more professions. Dreams that didn’t involve one form of sexual exploitation or another.

Over the past 17 years, listening to countless survivors of sexual exploitation of all ages, nationalities, ethnic and socio-economic backgrounds, I have discovered survivors of sexual exploitation are some of the most intelligent and dedicated people. Survivors have dreams, goals and hopes for their future. They didn’t get lost along the way, they are still there.

In the journey from Victim to Survivor to ultimately Thriver, initially sexually exploited individuals have a myriad of needs-physical, psychological, spiritual, and emotional. Most Survivors I have encountered have a strong desire to earn an education. Returning to school is one of the most powerful tools you can give a Survivor. The reason is very deep and nearly indescribable. Sexually exploited people have had so many things ripped away from them in their lives. Giving the gift of an education is an empowering restorative tool. I say to individuals all the time, “Education is priceless-it is something that is ALL yours no one can take it away from you-not a trafficker, not jail cell-no one-it’s all yours!”

As a survivor, I returned to school late in life to fulfill my dream and passion. My dream came to light when my boss dropped the Trafficking Victim Protection Act of 2000 on my desk and said, “Read this”. In the course of the struggle, the light bulb went off in my brain and within a year, I returned to school.   In 2011, I graduated from The University of California, San Diego with a bachelor’s degree in Political Science with an emphasis on public policy and a minor in Human Rights. In my work in the abolitionist movement, I am thrilled to say that I use my learning from my degree regularly and it empowers me to speak with confidence and pride. I survived and today, I thrive.

In the Survivor community, there are Authors, Attorneys, Doctors, Researchers, PhDs, Case Managers, Social Workers, Therapists, Public Speakers, and those that are attending school now. My hope is that many more Survivors will join us in realizing their dreams.

Autumn is a friend of the PLNU Center for Justice & Reconciliation and the Founder/Director of Survivors for Solutions. Survivors for Solutions was created to advocate for peer-led services and programs, survivor-informed policies at all levels of government, and provide best practices consultation to governments, non-profits and institutions. Survivors for Solutions offers over 15 years of experience in advocacy, administration and service delivery to disenfranchised populations including sexual exploitation and violence against women.

If you want to give to the Beauty for Ashes Scholarship Fund, your tax deductible donation can be given here: Beauty for Ashes Fund.

Meet the Team – Beauty for Ashes Fund

The Beauty for Ashes team is a dynamic group of students, professors, and community members, each with particular passions and skills, that have banded together in the common desire to seek justice and to seek God in and amongst the devastating reality of Human Trafficking in San Diego. As we journey to fund the Beauty for Ashes Fund, we hope that you come alongside us. In order to come alongside us, we thought you might like to know a little bit more about who we are and where we are coming from. So, in brief, enjoy getting to know our team!

Director: Dad/Pastor – Dr. Jamie Gates Screen Shot 2014-09-09 at 6.04.35 PM

Jamie Gates is professor of cultural anthropology in the Department of Sociology and Social Work at PLNU and serves as the director of the University’s Center for Justice and Reconciliation. Jamie is an ordained minister in the Church of the Nazarene and task force member for the Church of the Nazarene’s Global Social Justice Initiative.

Having been raised in and studied apartheid South Africa, Jamie continues to work with justice and reconciliation as core theological and social concerns. Jamie co-leads a federally funded research project that is looking deeper into the ties between gangs and human trafficking in San Diego.He leads a monthly speaker series called Brewed Awakening, which brings justice-oriented speakers to campus.

Among his publications is the book Living Justice: Revolutionary Compassion in a Broken World (2007), which introduces Christian young adults to ways of being engaged with passion and wisdom for justice in the world. He has a bachelor’s degree in psychology and religion from Eastern Nazarene College, a Master of Divinity degree with emphases in religion, philosophy, and multiculturalism from Nazarene Theological Seminary, and a doctorate in cultural anthropology from the University of Florida.

Jamie is a father to his family, a minister to the Church, a professor to his students, an anthropologist researcher by trade, a mentor to friends, and an all out lover of Jesus Christ.

Human Trafficking Congregational Liaison: Graphic Designer – Michelle ShoemakerScreen Shot 2014-09-09 at 6.04.59 PM

Michelle graduated from PLNU in 1988, with a degree in graphic communications, and then went on to attend Art Center College of Design in Pasadena, CA which set the foundation for the launch of her Design and Marketing Studio, Vantage Point Design in 1991. She has specialized in direct mail advertising, design and marketing for large non-profit organizations, churches and universities across the U.S. and Latin America.

While spending 20+ years fundraising for large ministries, a deep desire to “be” in ministry took root. In 2012, she heard a San Diego Sheriff discuss the realities of human trafficking of local girls as young as 12 – 14 yrs old, just 3 miles away from her home, in San Diego’s Hotel Circle. This became a pivotal moment. After a lot of prayer and waiting for the right opportunity, she came in contact with Dr. Gates who offered her a position at the CJR to be a liaison between local and national churches and universities and PLNU on the subject of PLNU’s work on Human Trafficking.

Currently she sits on the Leadership Team of San Diego’s Churches Against Trafficking group (representing 60+ San Diego churches of different denominations), and also represents PLNU’s CJR at various community meetings, including the San Diego County Human Trafficking Advisory Council Meetings (which includes key members of Law Enforcement, the DA’s Office, Child Welfare, the Department of Education, Victims Services, University Researchers, and Community Organizations).

The relationships formed within these groups have deeply embedded PLNU as a solid player and advocate within the center of San Diego’s anti-Human Trafficking movement at large. Michelle also speaks on behalf of the CJR to churches and other groups interested in learning about Human Trafficking, and the role of faith communities in the movement to end it.

External Relations: Mom/Business Owner – Kim JonesScreen Shot 2014-09-09 at 6.05.44 PM

Kim Berry Jones, a 1990 Point Loma Nazarene University graduate is the owner of Canopy Marketing, a San Diego marketing and web development firm.

Kim volunteers with the PLNU Center for Justice & Reconciliation offering assistance with strategic planning, external relations and fundraising for the Beauty for Ashes Scholarship Fund. Kim also volunteers at Generate Hope, a safe house for survivors of human trafficking.

She is a member of the Human Trafficking Task Force of the Lawyers Club of San Diego, and participates in Journey Against Exploitation, a ministry of Journey Community Church in La Mesa, CA. Kim is a passionate and dedicated woman of God who is whole-heartedly seeking new ways to serve others, and the anti-trafficking movement has been one avenue of that out-pouring.

Intern: Daughter/Student- Mollie Ah SingScreen Shot 2014-09-09 at 6.06.15 PM

Mollie Ah Sing is a Senior International Studies major concentrating in Peace Studies at Point Loma Nazarene University. Mollie grew up in Hawaii and is a second generation Nazarene.  Mollie first researched human trafficking in the context of Independent Research in Kathmandu, Nepal.

After learning about trafficking abroad, Mollie returned to Point Loma and began working with Dr. Gates at the CJR with the Beauty for Ashes Team to learn what human trafficking looks like in San Diego. Now Mollie serves as the Lead Beauty for Ashes intern for the CJR as well as the Outreach Coordinator for the Bilateral Safety Corridor Coalition, a dynamic Victim’s Service Provider in the anti-human trafficking sector in San Diego.

Mollie seeks to humbly serve others by creating spaces of unity and diversity in which justice can be reached.

Intern: Daughter/Student- Katherine FlemingScreen Shot 2014-09-09 at 6.06.45 PM

Katherine is a sophomore at PLNU. She is originally from Boise, Idaho where her family currently lives. The summer before her freshman year in high school, Katherine attended a conference where she learned about the international sex trade. She continued to be interested in the modern day abolition movement as she entered college and began working with Dr. Gates and the Beauty for Ashes team in 2013.

She spent the past summer working with churches and non-profits in Boise, connecting and educating as she did ministry with middle schoolers. Katherine now interns for Dr. Gates and partners with Mollie as the second Beauty for Ashes intern.

She is a social work major and after graduation, hopes to use her degree to do work with victims services in San Diego and abroad.

Intern: Daughter/Student- Clara Anne McGarryScreen Shot 2014-09-09 at 6.06.54 PM

Clara Anne is a Senior studying Social Work at PLNU. Clara Anne is from Arizona but a California surfer girl at heart. Clara Anne has served as a lead on the Beauty for Ashes team since the Fall of 2013 and is dedicated to seeking truth and being aware of harsher realities.

Clara Anne has interned for the Salvation Army: Door of Hope and worked to learn what the scope of trafficking is in San Diego.

Intern: Daughter/Student- Sabrina Van ZuidenScreen Shot 2014-09-09 at 6.07.12 PM

Sabrina Van Zuiden was a summer intern at the CJR. After discovering a passion for the fight against trafficking, she found a proactive space to participate through Beauty for Ashes.

Sabrina is currently a sociology student at UC Berkeley, and hopes to continue working in the anti-trafficking movement in the bay area.

If you want to give to the Beauty for Ashes Scholarship Fund, your tax deductible donation can be given here: Beauty for Ashes Fund.

Crowdfunding a Dream

By Kim Berry Jones, 1990 PLNU Graduate

My awareness of the issue of human trafficking began when I watched the documentary Half the Sky. The Half the Sky MovemeScreen Shot 2014-07-27 at 7.19.24 PMnt is about igniting change to end the oppression of women and girls around the world. I knew then that something had shifted in me, but what could I do about it? Soon after, in a conversation with a friend, I learned that women and girls are trafficked right in my neighborhood. San Diego is now nationally recognized by law enforcement as a hot spot for the commercial sexual exploitation of women and children. Right here in my back yard.

But what I also soon discovered was a movement. People from all over the world working to abolish human trafficking. And people working on this cause right here in my back yard.

It’s been my honor to be a part of the dreaming and planning around the Beauty for Ashes Scholarship Fund – a fund at Point Loma Nazarene University that will provide financial support for both survivors of human trafficking to complete their education at PLNU and for other PLNU students who are called into the vocation to join the fight against modern day slavery.

As we began to plan towards the launch of the Beauty for Ashes Scholarship Fund an idea emerged….what if we kicked off our efforts with a crowdfunding campaign? Crowdfunding is a widely popular method used to raise financial support online by raising small amounts of money from a large number of people. From tiny projects to major movie productions, crowdfunding campaigns bring together a unique community of people who share an interest — and are willing to donate their own money to support that interest.

“So why not?”, we thought. At the PLNU Center for Justice and Reconciliation we keep hearing from women who have been rescued and are in the process of healing that they dream of an EDUCATION. They know that education is a part of their move from victim to survivor to thriver. But funding a college education is daunting for most of us. For a survivor who is putting the pieScreen Shot 2014-07-27 at 7.20.11 PMces of a new life together, finding the resources to attend college can seem totally out of reach.

But we don’t believe it should be out of reach. As an alum of PLNU and a volunteer at the Center for Justice and Reconciliation (CJR) I am committed to helping launch the Beauty for Ashes Scholarship Fund. I’ve experienced the life-changing community at PLNU, and I know that the supportive environment of the University can be a place of hope, restoration and future for a survivor.

So, here we come! The team at the CJR is in the process of launching the Beauty for Ashes Crowdfunding Campaign. With the goal of raising the total cost of one year of education at PLNU for one survivor, we look forward to launching our campaign and we hope that YOU will want to get involved. In the upcoming weeks we will introduce the Beauty for Ashes Fund to the PLNU campus, the San Diego community and beyond. Successful crowdfunding campaigns take extensive planning and effort. This past month we have been selecting the best platform for our campaign and planning the steps to roll it out and meet our ambitious goal.

Behind every survivor of human trafficking is a story. A story of a woman or a man that for reasons we may not understand became the victim of violence and exploitation. But woven in with the tragedy is hope – hope for a future and for healing and restoration. And each one of us can be a part of this story. Won’t you join us?

Note: If you want to give to the Beauty for Ashes Scholarship Fund, your tax deductible donation can be given here: Beauty for Ashes Fund.

Kim Berry Jones

Kim Berry Jones, a 1990 Point Loma Nazarene University graduate is the owner of Canopy Marketing, a San Diego marketing and web development firm. Kim volunteers with the PLNU Center for Justice & Reconciliation offering assistance with strategic planning, external relations and fundraising for the Beauty for Ashes Scholarship Fund. Kim also volunteers at Generate Hope, a safe house for survivors of human trafficking. She is a member of the Human Trafficking Task Force of the Lawyers Club of San Diego, and participates in Journey Against Exploitation, a ministry of Journey Community Church in La Mesa, CA.